WOULD TROPICAL CLIMATIC VARIATIONS IMPACT THE GENETIC VARIABILITY OF TRIATOMINES: RHODNIUS ECUADORIENSIS, PRINCIPAL VECTOR OF CHAGAS DISEASE IN ECUADOR? Rhodnius ecuadoriensis, principal vector of Chagas disease in Ecuador?

Anita G. Villacís, Juan José Bustillos, Stéphanie Depickère, Dino Sánchez, César A. Yumiseva, Ana Troya-Zuleta, Christian Barnabé, Mario J. Grijalva, Simone Frédérique Brenière

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6 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Rhodnius ecuadoriensis is one of the most important vector species of Chagas disease in Ecuador. This species is distributed in the Central coast region and in the south Andean region, and an incipient speciation process between these geographical populations was previously proposed. The current population genetics study only focused on the Central coast region and analyzed 96 sylvatic specimens of R. ecuadoriensis associated with Phytelephas aequatorialis palm trees. We used Cytb and 16S-rRNA sequences and a Cytb-16S-rRNA concatenated set to explore (i) the genetic variability, spatial structuring, and demographic history of R. ecuadoriensis, and to determine (ii) the relationship between the genetic and climatic variabilities. A particularly high genetic variability was observed without detectable general genetic structure; only some terminal genetic clusters were observed. We did not observe isolation by geographical distance (IBD), and it is likely that ancient expansion occurred, according to Fs index and mismatch distribution for Cytb-16S-rRNA concatenated sequences. Hierarchical clustering showed that the current locality origins of the bugs were grouped into four bioclimatic clusters. Genetic and bioclimatic distances were not correlated, but some genetic clusters were associated with bioclimatic ones. The results showed an ancient evolution of the species in the region with a possible old expansion. The absence of spatial genetic structure could be due to climatic conditions (possible selection of singular genotypes) and to passive transportation of palms tree materials where R. ecuadoriensis are living.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo105530
PublicaciónActa Tropica
Volumen209
DOI
EstadoPublicada - sep. 2020

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