Urea is Necessary for the Culture of Embryos of the Marsupial Frog Gastrotheca riobambae, and is Tolerated by Embryos of the Aquatic Frog Xenopus laevis ureotelism/urea concentration in frog blood/culture of frog embryos/mesoderm induction

Eugenia M. del Pino, Iliana Alcocer, Horst Grunz

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

11 Citas (Scopus)


Urea was found in the capsular fluid that bathes Gastrotheca riobambae embryos during incubation in the maternal pouch. The urea concentration in this fluid is higher than in blood from the mother, indicating that urea is accumulated by the embryo during the period of maternal incubation. Gastrotheca tadpoles tolerate up to 500 mM urea with 86% survival after 24 hours and die in solutions of 0.5 mM ammonia. These findings suggest that urea plays a role in the adaptation of G. riobambae embryos to the conditions of water stress within the maternal pouch. To improve the in vitro culture conditions of early embryos taken from the maternal pouch, a saline solution that contains urea was designed (GRS). GRS plus 30 mM urea was used for the culture of cleavage to the neurula stage embryos of G. riobambae. During organogenesis, the urea concentration was raised to 60 mM. Early embryos of Xenopus laevis tolerate urea, and in addition, no inducing effects of urea have been detected in animal cap explants of Xenopus.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)73-80
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónDevelopment, Growth & Differentiation
EstadoPublicada - feb. 1994

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