Tragia L. Genus: Ethnopharmacological use, phytochemical composition and biological activity

Rodrigo Duarte-Casar, Juan Carlos Romero-Benavides

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaCríticarevisión exhaustiva

3 Citas (Scopus)


Tragia L. is a genus of plants belonging to the Euphorbiaceae family with worldwide in-tertropical distribution, composed of more than 150 species. In this literature review, 26 species of the genus used as medicinal plants were found, mainly in East Africa and the Indian subcontinent, with a variety of uses among which antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anticancer and reproductive health are most common. Research has been done on a few of the species, mostly those of the Old World, with emphasis on four of them: Tragia involucrata Linn., Tragia spathulata Benth., Tragia benthamii Baker and Tragia plukenetii Radcl.-Sm., confirming several ethnomedicinal claims. Moreover, a variety of active phytochemicals have been isolated, mainly ethers, hydrocarbons, flavonoids and sterols. There is ample field for the evaluation of the activity of Tragia extracts and essential oils and the identification of their active compounds, particularly of the New World species, for which there is still very little research.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo2717
EstadoPublicada - dic. 2021
Publicado de forma externa

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© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.


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