Predicting Academic Success of College Students Using Machine Learning Techniques

Jorge Humberto Guanin-Fajardo, Javier Guaña-Moya, Jorge Casillas

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva


College context and academic performance are important determinants of academic success; using students’ prior experience with machine learning techniques to predict academic success before the end of the first year reinforces college self-efficacy. Dropout prediction is related to student retention and has been studied extensively in recent work; however, there is little literature on predicting academic success using educational machine learning. For this reason, CRISP-DM methodology was applied to extract relevant knowledge and features from the data. The dataset examined consists of 6690 records and 21 variables with academic and socioeconomic information. Preprocessing techniques and classification algorithms were analyzed. The area under the curve was used to measure the effectiveness of the algorithm; XGBoost had an AUC = 87.75% and correctly classified eight out of ten cases, while the decision tree improved interpretation with ten rules in seven out of ten cases. Recognizing the gaps in the study and that on-time completion of college consolidates college self-efficacy, creating intervention and support strategies to retain students is a priority for decision makers. Assessing the fairness and discrimination of the algorithms was the main limitation of this work. In the future, we intend to apply the extracted knowledge and learn about its influence of on university management.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo60
EstadoPublicada - abr. 2024
Publicado de forma externa

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© 2024 by the authors.


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