Peach Palm (Bactris gasipaes Kunth.): Ancestral Tropical Staple with Future Potential

Nancy González-Jaramillo, Natalia Bailon-Moscoso, Rodrigo Duarte-Casar, Juan Carlos Romero-Benavides

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaCríticarevisión exhaustiva

6 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

A pre-Columbian staple, Bactris gasipaes Kunth. is a palm tree domesticated around 4000 years ago, so appreciated that a Spanish chronicler wrote in 1545, “only their wives and children were held in higher regard” by the Mesoamerican natives. The peach palm is an integral part of the foodways and gastronomy of Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, Peru, Brazil, and other tropical American countries; meanwhile, it is almost unknown in the rest of the world, except for hearts of palm. Although abundant, the species faces anthropogenic threats. The purpose of this study is to describe and summarize the physicochemical, nutritional, and bioactive characteristics of the peach palm and its two main alimentary products: hearts of palm and fruits, highlighting the functional and antioxidant potential of the latter, showing both ancestral and modern uses. There is active research on peach palm products and coproducts that aim for better, more sustainable uses of its traditional and recently found properties. The review and presentation of studies on this strategically relevant species can motivate the protection of endangered populations and stimulate new lines of research to advance development in the food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries, with fair trade, sustainable development goals, and adaptation to climate change in mind.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo3134
PublicaciónPlants
Volumen11
N.º22
DOI
EstadoPublicada - nov. 2022
Publicado de forma externa

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© 2022 by the authors.

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