Modelo matemático y sistema computacional para la solución eficiente de problemas de corte 2d mediante programación lineal en enteros

Juan Felipe Medina Mendieta, Narciso Rubén de León Rodríguez, Javier Leiva Cáceres

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva


This article summarizes the most important results out of an investigation whose general objective was defined as “using Integer Linear Programming (ILP) to resolve two-dimensional (2D) material cutting of rectangular pieces”. It presents an alternative approach of material cutting different than the classic methods, addressing the problem by using “cutting of substitution variants” (e.g. larger pieces are considered as though they were raw material too). These substitution-variants are later defined as new unknowns in the mathematical modeling of the situation being studied, to generally reduce the number of variables in the model. A Software was designed and implemented with an algorithm for the generation of 2D cutting variants, which executes the mathematical processing from the model and interprets the results obtained in a practical way. Also as an example, this article shows the results on comparing the use of the proposed solution versus the heuristic route when solving 2D cutting problems. The Software was deployed in a polygraphic company whose production process involves the cutting of rectangular pieces of cardboard, with satisfactory results in the control of the production and a significant reduction in raw material waste.

Idioma originalEspañol (Ecuador)
Páginas (desde-hasta)295-305
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónInvestigacion Operacional
EstadoPublicada - 2020

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Universidad de La Habana. All rights reserved.

Palabras clave

  • Material cutting
  • Material cutting software
  • Mathematical modeling

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