Low elevation and physical inactivity are associated with a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome in ecuadorian adults: A national cross-sectional study

Christian F. Juna, Yoon Hee Cho, Hyojee Joung

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

3 Citas (Scopus)


Background: Elevation and health-related lifestyles have been associated with the devel-opment of metabolic syndrome (MetS). However, such associations have not been investi-gated extensively in a global context. The present study aimed to determine the associations among elevation of residence, health-related lifestyles, and the risk of MetS in an Ecuadorian adult population. Subjects and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted utilizing secondary data from the 2012 Ecuador National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT-ECU). A total of 6024 adults (1964 men and 4060 women) 20 to 60 years old were included in the study. Elevation was obtained by georeferencing techniques and categorized into low (0–2000 masl) and high (>2001 masl). Dietary intake was measured using a 24-hour recall and health-related lifestyle via risk and physical activity standardized questionnaire. MetS was defined on the basis of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III and the Latin American Diabetes Association criteria. Multiple logistic regression analyses were used to examine whether elevation of residence and health-related lifestyles can increase the risk of MetS. Results: Residing at low elevation increased prevalence of MetS in men (1.37; 95% CI, 1.05–1.76) and elevated fasting glucose in both men (1.80; 95% CI, 1.32–2.46) and women (1.55; 95% CI, 1.24–1.93) after adjusting for confounders. Additionally, a lack of physical activity was identified as an important factor that raises the risk of increased waist circum-ference in both men (2.05; 95% CI, 1.22–3.45) and women (1.38; 95% CI, 1.05–1.83) living at low elevation. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that low elevation of residence and physical inactivity are associated with a higher prevalence of MetS in Ecuadorian adults.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)2217-2226
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónDiabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity
EstadoPublicada - 22 mar. 2023
Publicado de forma externa

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