Levels and Patterns of Alcohol Consumption: a Descriptive Study in Ecuadorian Teenagers

Rodrigo Moreta-Herrera, Anita Almache-Moya, Alba Vargas-Espín, Diego Vaca-Quintana

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8 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Report levels of alcohol consumption, patterns of alcohol intake, intervention requirements and sex differences in alcohol use within a sample of teenagers from Salcedo city, Ecuador. A descriptive, exploratory and cross-sectional study applying the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) as an assessment tool. A total of 448 teenagers (58.5% men), between 14 and 19 years (mean age = 15.7 years) of four different schools (78.1% public schools) from Salcedo city. A total of 85% of the sample have some contact with alcohol, more frequently in women (p < 0.05). Moreover, 30% of the sample have binge drinking episodes. There is 56% prevalence of hazardous consumption and 3.3% with harmful consumption and probable alcohol dependence, without sex differences, but women have highest vulnerability (t = − 2.41; p <.05). Finally, 3.4% of the sample needs specialized attention. There is solid evidence about heavy alcohol use among Salcedo’s teenagers; binge drinking is the most characteristic pattern of alcohol consumption among teenagers of this sample.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)422-431
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
Volumen18
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 abr. 2020

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© 2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

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