KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, AND PRACTICES TOWARDS COVID-19 AMONG ECUADORIANS DURING THE OUTBREAK: AN ONLINE CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY: An Online Cross-Sectional Survey

Benjamin R. Bates, Ana L. Moncayo, Jaime A. Costales, Carolina A. Herrera-Cespedes, Mario J. Grijalva

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

77 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Preventing the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 (causative agent for COVID-19) requires implementing contact and respiratory precautions. Modifying human behavior is challenging and requires understanding knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAPs) regarding health threats. This study explored KAPs among people in Ecuador. A cross-sectional, internet-based questionnaire was used to assess knowledge about COVID-19, attitudes toward ability to control COVID-19, self-reported practices related to COVID-19, and demographics. A total of 2399 individuals participated. Participants had moderate to high levels of knowledge. Participants expressed mixed attitudes about the eventual control of COVID-19 in Ecuador. Participants reported high levels of adoption of preventive practices. Binomial regression analysis suggests unemployed individuals, househusbands/housewives, or manual laborers, as well as those with an elementary school education, have lower levels of knowledge. Women, people over 50 years of age, and those with higher levels of schooling were the most optimistic. Men, individuals 18–29, single, and unemployed people took the riskiest behaviors. Generally, knowledge was not associated with optimism or with practices. Our findings indicate knowledge about COVID-19 is insufficient to prompt behavioral change among Ecuadorians. Since current COVID-19 control campaigns seek to educate the public, these efforts’ impacts are likely to be limited. Given attitudes determine people’s actions, further investigation into the factors underlying the lack of confidence in the ability of the world, and of Ecuador, to overcome COVID-19, is warranted. Edu-communicational campaigns should be accompanied by efforts to provide economically disadvantaged populations resources to facilitate adherence to recommendations to prevent the spread of the virus.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)1158-1167
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónJournal of Community Health
Volumen45
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 11 sep. 2020

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Huella

Profundice en los temas de investigación de 'KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, AND PRACTICES TOWARDS COVID-19 AMONG ECUADORIANS DURING THE OUTBREAK: AN ONLINE CROSS-SECTIONAL SURVEY: An Online Cross-Sectional Survey'. En conjunto forman una huella única.

Citar esto