In Vitro Monitoring of Nitric Oxide Release in the Mouse Colon Using a Boron-Doped Diamond Microelectrode Modified with Platinum Nanoparticles and Nafion

Skye Henderson, Kirti Bhardwaj, Victoria Perugachi, Patricio Espinoza-Montero, James J. Galligan, Greg M. Swain

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

This research reports on the preparation of a boron-doped diamond microelectrode modified with platinum nanoparticles and Nafion and its application for detecting nitric oxide (NO) in vitro in the mouse colon. Platinum nanoparticle deposition was performed potentiodynamically using a 2.0 mmol L-1 potassium hexachloroplatinate solution and cycling from −0.2 to 1.3 V vs Ag/AgCl at 0.01 V s-1 for 10 cycles. The Nafion overlayer was applied by immersion in a solution containing 2.5% (w/v) colloidal Nafion and drying overnight at 55 °C in a humid environment. The optimal microelectrode preparation conditions were chosen based on the electrode response for NO oxidation as well as rejection of nitrite (NO2-) oxidation, the main interferent in the electrochemical detection of NO in biological media. Detection figures of merit include a sensitivity of 16.7 ± 2.7 mA M-1 cm-2 (n = 3 electrodes), a detection limit of 0.5 μmol L-1 (S/N = 3), and an electrode response reproducibility of 2.5% (RSD). Electrical stimulation and continuous amperometry were used to measure NO release from myenteric ganglia in wild-type male and female mice in response to an increasing number of electrical stimuli to study nitrergic signaling in the colon. We also present preliminary data regarding the use of optogenetics to selectively stimulate nitrergic myenteric neurons using blue light stimulation with a goal of understanding how inhibitory neuromuscular signaling is involved in the myenteric plexus circuitry that controls intestinal motility.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)1027-1037
Número de páginas11
PublicaciónAnalytical Chemistry
Volumen95
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 17 ene. 2023

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© 2022 American Chemical Society.

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