High prevalence of Zika virus infection in populations of Aedes aegypti from South-western Ecuador

Andrea López-Rosero, Rachel Sippy, Anna M. Stewart-Ibarra, Sadie J. Ryan, Erin Mordecai, Froilán Heras, Efraín Beltrán, Jaime A. Costales, Marco Neira

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

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Resumen

We performed an arboviral survey in mosquitoes from four endemic Ecuadorian cities (Hua-quillas, Machala, Portovelo and Zaruma) during the epidemic period 2016–2018. Collections were performed during the pre-rainy season (2016), peak transmission season (2017) and post-rainy season (2018). Ae. aegypti mosquitoes were pooled by date, location and sex. Pools were screened by RT-PCR for the presence of ZIKV RNA, and infection rates (IRs) per 1,000 specimens were calculated. A total of 2,592 pools (comprising 6,197 mos-quitoes) were screened. Our results reveal high IRs in all cities and periods sampled. Overall IRs among female mosquitoes were highest in Machala (89.2), followed by Portovelo (66.4), Zaruma (47.4) and Huaquillas (41.9). Among male mosquitoes, overall IRs were highest in Machala (35.6), followed by Portovelo (33.1), Huaquillas (31.9) and Zaruma (27.9), suggest-ing that alternative transmission routes (vertical/venereal) can play important roles for ZIKV maintenance in the vector population of these areas. Additionally, we propose that the stabi-lization of ZIKV vertical transmission in the vector population could help explain the presence of high IRs in field-caught mosquitoes during inter-epidemic periods.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículoe0011908
PublicaciónPLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Volumen18
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2024

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© 2024 López-Rosero et al.

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