Genetic diversity and drug resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Ecuador

J. Zurita, N. Espinel, P. Barba, D. Ortega-Paredes, C. Zurita-Salinas, Y. Rojas, I. Alcocer

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

11 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

BACKGROUND: The genetic diversity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Quito, Ecuador is not well known. OBJECTIVE : To investigate mutations related to drug resistance and bacterial genotypes in M. tuberculosis strains in Ecuador. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study of M. tuberculosis isolates from 104 patients. Isolates were phenotypically resistant to rifampicin (RMP) and/or isoniazid (INH). The genotype was determined using 24-locus mycobacterial interspersed repetitive units-variablenumber tandem repeats (MIRU-VNTR). RESULTS : Isolates showed mutations in the rpoB and katG genes, and the inhA promoter. In rpoB, we found 13 genetic alterations at codons 511, 513, 514, 515, 516, 526 and 531. Forty-six (44.2%) RMP-resistant isolates belonged to codon 531. In katG, there were nine genetic alterations at codons 296, 312, 314, 315, 322, 324 and 351. Fifty-three (51%) INH-resistant isolates belonged to codon 315. Five mutations not previously described were identified in katG: Thr324Ser, Thr314Ala, Ala312Pro, Trp351Stop and deleted G at 296 codon. The Latin American Mediterranean (LAM) (33.7%) and Ghana (30.8%) lineages presented most of the main mutations observed. CONCLUSION: This is the first report from Ecuador; it describes five new mutations in katG and indicates that LAM is the most prevalent lineage.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)166-173
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Volumen23
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 feb. 2019

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