Funciones ejecutivas en niños preescolares con y sin trastorno del lenguaje

Nancy Lepe-Martínez, Claudia Pérez-Salas, Cristian A. Rojas-Barahona, Carlos Ramos-Galarza

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

7 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The objectives of this study were to compare the executive functions (attention, flexibility, inhibitory control, planning and working memory) of preschool children with and without language disorder and to define a profile of executive functions. The design is non-experimental for descriptive/comparative purposes. The sample consisted of 105 children. The group with language disorder was composed of 31 children and 19 girls, average age 4.68 years, of Special Language Schools. The group without language disorder was composed of 15 children and 24 girls, average age 4.98 years, of Public Schools of the city of Concepcion in Chile. The results show that there is statistically significant evidence to state that the scores obtained by children with language disorders are lower than their peers without language disorder in all the executive functions evaluated, which supports the current literature on the subject. Regarding the profile of executive functions, the function that could predict the presence of language disorder in a preschool is the executive planning function. It is interesting to continue deepening the profile of executive functions in children with language disorder and their specific relationship with the linguistic problems that these children have.

Título traducido de la contribuciónExecutive functions in preschool children with and without language disorders
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)197-202
Número de páginas6
PublicaciónRevista Ecuatoriana de Neurologia
Volumen26
N.º3
EstadoPublicada - 2017
Publicado de forma externa

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Fundacion para la difusion neurologica en Ecuador - FUNDINE. All Rights Reserved.

Palabras clave

  • Communication disorders
  • Disorders of language
  • Executive functions
  • Neuropsychological functions

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