Fertility and iron bioaccumulation in Drosophila melanogaster fed with magnetite nanoparticles using a validated method

Fernanda Pilaquinga, Sofía Cárdenas, Doris Vela, Eliza Jara, Jeroni Morey, José Luis Gutiérrez-Coronado, Alexis Debut, María de las Nieves Piña

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4 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Research on nanomaterial exposure-related health risks is still quite limited; this includes standardizing methods for measuring metals in living organisms. Thus, this study validated an atomic absorption spectrophotometry method to determine fertility and bioaccumulated iron content in Drosophila melanogaster flies after feeding them magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4NPs) dosed in a culture medium (100, 250, 500, and 1000 mg kg−1). Some NPs were also coated with chitosan to compare iron assimilation. Considering both accuracy and precision, results showed the method was optimal for concentrations greater than 20 mg L−1. Recovery values were considered optimum within the 95–105% range. Regarding fertility, offspring for each coated and non-coated NPs concentration decreased in relation to the control group. Flies exposed to 100 mg L−1 of coated NPs presented the lowest fertility level and highest bioaccumulation factor. Despite an association between iron bioaccumulation and NPs concentration, the 500 mg L−1 dose of coated and non-coated NPs showed similar iron concentrations to those of the control group. Thus, Drosophila flies’ fertility decreased after NPs exposure, while iron bioaccumulation was related to NPs concentration and coating. We determined this method can overcome sample limitations and biological matrix-associated heterogeneity, thus allowing for bioaccumulated iron detection regardless of exposure to coated or non-coated magnetite NPs, meaning this protocol could be applicable with any type of iron NPs.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo2808
PublicaciónMolecules
Volumen26
N.º9
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 10 may. 2021

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© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

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