EXPERIENCES AND ATTITUDES ON EARLY IDENTIFICATION PRACTICES OF AUTISM: A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF PEDIATRIC PROFESSIONALS IN ECUADOR

NARANJO ESTRELLA JOAQUÍN ALFREDO

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Early identification of children with autism is necessary to support their social and commu-nicative skills and cognitive, verbal, and adaptive development. Researchers have identified several barriers to early diagnosis. Data collected in low-and middle-income contexts—where the vast majority of children in the world live—is scarce. In Ecuador, as in many other countries, estimates are lower compared to the global prevalence. Health authorities estimate a prevalence of 0.28% (0.18%–0.41%) in children aged five years old or less. Based on the hypothesis that, as in many parts of the world, children in Ecuador are not routinely screened and that this situation may result from poor recognition of this condition, our objective was to identify potential obstacles to case identification in pediatric settings. Several barriers, consistent with those identified in other countries, were reported by 153 participants on a survey, including lack of time, lack of resources to refer, fear of unnecessarily alarming families, and lack of information to guide families with concerns. The vast majority of participants are aware of the need for a screening tool for autism detection but report a lack of knowledge of its formal application. Most of the barriers reported in this study could be overcome by educational programs tailored to professional needs in order to support the well-being of children with autism and their families.
Idioma originalInglés
PublicaciónChildren
EstadoPublicada - 18 ene. 2022
Publicado de forma externa

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