Evaluation of sustainability in strawberry crops production under greenhouse and open-field systems in the Andes

Jhenny Cayambe, Marco Heredia-R, Emma Torres, Laura Puhl, Bolier Torres, Deniz Barreto, Biviana N. Heredia, Andrea Vaca-Lucero, Carlos G.H. Diaz-Ambrona

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2 Citas (Scopus)


The use of natural resources for food production and the identification of viable solutions to problems related to agricultural sustainability are topics of current debate. Our proposed objectives were to: i) determine the agronomic characteristics of strawberry crops in open-field and aeroponic greenhouse production systems, ii) assess the sustainability of production systems concerning social, environmental, economic, and governance dimensions, and iii) identify the variability of sustainability scores between production systems. Surveys were conducted on small Mestizo strawberry producers with open-field production systems and aeroponic production researchers in the Ecuadorian Andes. The SAFA-FAO methodology was applied, considering 111 indicators, 56 subtopics, and 20 topics, distributed among the four dimensions. A principal component analysis was performed using the Infostat programme. The sustainability score (0–5) of the aeroponic system was 1.09 times higher than that of the traditional system. The dimensions of economic resilience (2.23) and good governance (2.29) obtained low scores in the open-field system, and in the aeroponic production system the dimensions with high scores were environmental integrity (4.05) and social welfare (4.46). The identified sustainability dynamics contribute to a better multidimensional understanding for decision-makers and are a contribution toward meeting the goals of the UN’s 2030 Agenda.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo2255449
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Agricultural Sustainability
EstadoPublicada - 2023

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© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

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