Electrochemical dopamine sensor using a nanoporous gold microelectrode: a proof-of-concept study for the detection of dopamine release by scanning electrochemical microscopy

Henry Steven Catota Sáenz, Lucas Patricio Hernández-Saravia, Jéssica S.G. Selva, Anandhakumar Sukeri, Patricio Javier Espinoza-Montero, Mauro Bertotti

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Resumen

Nanoporous gold (NPG) structures were prepared on the surface of a gold microelectrode (Au-μE) by an anodization-reduction method. Cyclic voltammetry and field emission scanning electron microscopy were used to study the electrochemical properties and the morphology of the nanostructured film. Voltammetry showed an improved sensitivity for dopamine (DA) oxidation at this microelectrode when compared to a bare gold microelectrode, with a peak near 0.2 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) at a scan rate of 0.1 V s−1. This is due to the increased surface area and roughness. Square wave voltammetry shows a response that is linear in the 0.1–10 μmol L−1 DA concentration range, with a 30 nmol L-1 detection limit and a sensitivity of 1.18 mA (μmol L−1)−1 cm−2. The sensor is not interfered by ascorbic acid. The reproducibility, repeatability, long-term stability and real sample analysis (spiked urine) were assessed, and acceptable performance was achieved. The “proof-of-concept” detection of dopamine release was demonstrated by using scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) with the aim of future applications for single cell analysis. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo367
PublicaciónMicrochimica Acta
Volumen185
N.º8
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ago. 2018

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© 2018, Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature.

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