Electrochemical determination of lead in human blood serum and urine by anodic stripping voltammetry using glassy carbon electrodes covered with Ag-Hg and Ag-Bi bimetallic nanoparticles

Danny Valera, Mireya Sánchez, José R. Domínguez, José Alvarado, Patricio J. Espinoza-Montero, Patricio Carrera, Pablo Bonilla, Carla Manciati, Gema González, Lenys Fernández

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21 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

The evaluation and application of glassy carbon electrodes modified with bimetallic nanoparticle deposits of Ag-Hg and Ag-Bi for determination of Pb(ii) is described. Deposition of the nanostructured bimetallic combinations on top of the glassy carbon (GC) substrate, previously covered with a Nafion (Nf) film, resulted in electrodes with substantially enlarged hydrogen evolution over-voltage. As indicated by scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy images, most of the deposited nanoparticles, with an average size of 150 nm, were uniformly dispersed inside the Nafion net while a smaller amount remained on top of the embedded ones. Sensitivity tests of the AgBiNpNf/GC modified electrode produced a detection limit (DL), based on the 3s criterion, of 0.66 μg L-1 and 0.24 μg L-1 for the AgHgNpNf/GC electrode. Accuracy was assessed by comparison with quantification of Pb(ii) in human blood serum and urine samples analyzed by atomic absorption spectrometry, using a continuous source high resolution atomic absorption spectrometer.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)4114-4121
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónAnalytical Methods
Volumen10
N.º34
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 14 sep. 2018

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© 2018 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

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