Electrochemical degradation of 5-FU using a flow reactor with BDD electrode: Comparison of two electrochemical systems

A. S. Ochoa-Chavez, A. Pieczyńska, A. Fiszka Borzyszkowska, P. J. Espinoza-Montero, E. M. Siedlecka

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

24 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

In this study, the electrochemical degradation process of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) in aqueous media was performed using a continuous flow reactor in an undivided cell (system I), and in a divided cell with a cationic membrane (Nafion® 424) (system II). In system I, 75% of 5-FU degradation was achieved (50 mg L−1) with a applied current density japp = 150 A m−2, volumetric flow rate qv = 13 L h−1, after 6 h of electrolysis (kapp = 0.004 min−1). The removal efficiency of 5-FU was higher (95%) when the concentration was 5 mg L−1 under the same conditions. Nitrates (22% of initial amount of N), fluorides (27%) and ammonium (10%) were quantified after 6 h of electrolysis. System II, 77% of 5-FU degradation was achieved (50 mg L−1) after 6 h of electrolysis (kapp = 0.004 min−1). The degradation rate of 5-FU was complete when the concentration was 5 mg L−1 under the same conditions. Nitrates (29% of initial amount of N), fluorides (25%) and ammonium (5%) were quantified after 6 h of electrolysis. In addition, the main organic byproducts identified by mass spectroscopy were aliphatic compound with carbonyl and carboxyl functionalities. Due to, the mineralization of 5-FU with acceptable efficiency of 88% found in system II (japp of 200 A m−2), this system seems to be more promising in the cytostatic drug removal. Moreover the efficiency of 5-FU removal in diluted solutions is better in system II than in system I.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)816-825
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónChemosphere
Volumen201
DOI
EstadoPublicada - jun. 2018
Publicado de forma externa

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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd

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