Dihydroceramide desaturase inhibitors induce autophagy via dihydroceramide-dependent and independent mechanisms

Mireia Casasampere, Yadira F. Ordóñez, Josefina Casas, Gemma Fabrias

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

25 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Background Autophagy consists on the delivery of cytoplasmic material and organelles to lysosomes for degradation. Research on autophagy is a growing field because deciphering the basic mechanisms of autophagy is key to understanding its role in health and disease, and to paving the way to discovering novel therapeutic strategies. Studies with chemotherapeutic drugs and pharmacological tools support a role for dihydroceramides as mediators of autophagy. However, their effect on the autophagy outcome (cell survival or death) is more controversial. Methods We have examined the capacity of structurally varied Des1 inhibitors to stimulate autophagy (LC3-II analysis), to increase dihydroceramides (mass spectrometry) and to reduce cell viability (SRB) in T98G and U87MG glioblastoma cells under different experimental conditions. Results The compounds activity on autophagy induction took place concomitantly with accumulation of dihydroceramides, which occurred by both stimulation of ceramide synthesis de novo and reduction of Des1 activity. However, autophagy was also induced by the test compounds after preincubation with myriocin and in cells with a reduced capacity to produce dihydroceramides (U87DND). Autophagy inhibition with 3-methyladenine in the de novo dihydroceramide synthesis competent U87MG cells increased cytotoxicity, while genetic inhibition of autophagy in U87DND cells, poorly efficient at synthesizing dihydroceramides, augmented resistance to the test compounds. Conclusion Dihydroceramide desaturase 1 inhibitors activate autophagy via both dihydroceramide-dependent and independent pathways and the balance between the two pathways influences the final cell fate. General significance The cells capacity to biosynthesize dihydroceramides must be taken into account in proautophagic Des1 inhibitors-including therapies.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)264-275
Número de páginas12
PublicaciónBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects
Volumen1861
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 feb. 2017
Publicado de forma externa

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.

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