Development and evaluation of copper electrodes, modified with bimetallic nanoparticles, to be used as sensors of cysteine-rich peptides synthesized by tobacco cells exposed to cytotoxic levels of cadmium

Carlos Velasco-Medina, Patricio J. Espinoza-Montero, Marjorie Montero-Jimenez, José Alvarado, Mónica Jadán, Patricio Carrera, Lenys Fernandez

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2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

We report on two new electrochemical sensors which, coupled to differential pulse voltammetry, constitutes a useful tool for diagnosis of heavy metal pollution. The electrochemical sensors AgHgNf/Cu and the AgBiNf/Cu were obtained by deposition of bimetallic particles of AgHg or AgBi on copper electrodes covered with a Nafion (Nf) film, respectively. Micrographs of the electrode’s surface showed evenly scattered bimetallic particles, with an approximate diameter of 150 nm, embedded in the Nafion (Nf) film. In order to test the electrodes, the hydrogen evolution signal according to the Brdička reaction was measured for the determination of cysteine-rich peptides (CRp) produced by plants. To check the accuracy of the electrodes, real samples of Nicotiana tabacum cells exposed to cytotoxic levels of cadmium were tested. The AgHgNf/Cu electrode produced detection limits (DLs) of 0.088 µmol L−1 for Cysteine and 0.139µmol L−1 for Glutathione, while for the AgBiNf/Cu electrode DLs were 0.41 µmol L−1 for cysteine and 0.244 µmol L−1 for glutathione. Thus, the new electrodes could be a useful analytical electrochemical system very convenient for fieldwork. The electrodes were capable of direct, accurate, and sensitive detection of synthesized peptides, despite the complex matrix where the Nicotiana tabacum cells were grown.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo2200
PublicaciónMolecules
Volumen24
N.º12
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 12 jun. 2019

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