Conceptos fundamentales en la teoría neuropsicológica

Carlos Ramos-Galarza, Valentina Ramos, Janio Jadán-Guerrero, Nancy Lepe-Martínez, Lorena Paredes-Núñez, Antonio Gómez-García, Mónica Bolaños-Pasquel

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

14 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

This article presents three concepts that are fundamental in the neuropsychological theoretical: (a) historical data in the study of the human brain, (b) neuropsychological evaluation of brain functions and (c) neuropsychological rehabilitation of brain functions. As relevant data in the theoretical development of the study of the human brain is a tour of the trepanation acts performed hundreds of years ago, the contributions of phrenology, the masterful findings of Broca and Wernicke, the heuristic contribution of Luria and the current revolution with the neuro-image. In the neuropsychological evaluation of brain functions, the role of specific, non-specific and delayed observation tests in the interpretation of the neuropsychological state of the human being is analyzed, which allow analyzing neuropsychological functions in the laboratory and in real lifeactivities. Finally, we analyze the process of neuropsychological rehabilitation of brain functions, where mention is made of the processes of restoration, compensation, substitution, activation-stimulation and integration, which are very useful when intervening in a brain that has suffered an acquired damage. It is concluded that the current accelerated pace has determined the advance of neuroscience, where technology and the forceful scientific contribution propose new techniques and theories to understand the processes of evaluation and rehabilitation of brain functioning.

Título traducido de la contribuciónFundamental concepts in the neuropsychological theory
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)53-60
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónRevista Ecuatoriana de Neurologia
Volumen26
N.º1
EstadoPublicada - 2017

Palabras clave

  • Neuropsychological evaluation
  • Neuropsychological rehabilitation
  • Neuroscience
  • Theoretical development of the study of the human brain

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