Computational modelling of the antimicrobial peptides Cruzioseptin-4 extracted from the frog Cruziohyla calcarifer and Pictuseptin-1 extracted from the frog Boana picturata

María José Rengifo-Lema, Carolina Proaño-Bolaños, Sebastián Cuesta, Lorena Meneses

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Resumen

A computational study of the peptides Cruzioseptin-4 and Pictuseptin-1, identified in Cruziohyla calcarifer and Boana picturata respectively, has been carried out. The studies on Cruzioseptin-4 show that it is a cationic peptide with a chain of 23 amino acids that possess 52.17% of hydrophobic amino acids and a charge of + 1.2 at pH 7. Similarly, Pictuseptin-1 is a 22 amino acids peptide with a charge of + 3 at pH 7 and 45.45% of hydrophobic amino acids. Furthermore, the predominant secondary structure for both peptides is alpha-helical. The physicochemical properties were predicted using PepCalc and Bio-Synthesis; secondary structures using Jpred4 and PredictProtein; while molecular docking was performed using Autodock Vina. Geometry optimization of the peptides was done using the ONIOM hybrid method with the HF/6-31G basis set implemented in the Gaussian 09 program. Finally, the molecular docking study indicates that the viable mechanism of action for both peptides is through a targeted attack on the cell membrane of pathogens via electrostatic interactions with different membrane components, leading to cell lysis.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo4805
PublicaciónScientific Reports
Volumen14
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 27 feb. 2024

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© The Author(s) 2024.

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