Breastfeeding education, early skin-to-skin contact and other strong determinants of exclusive breastfeeding in an urban population: A prospective study

Iván Dueñas-Espín, Ángela León Cáceres, Angelica Álava, Juan Ayala, Karina Figueroa, Vanesa Loor, Wilmer Loor, Mónica Menéndez, David Menéndez, Eddy Moreira, René Segovia, Johanna Vinces

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8 Citas (Scopus)


Objective The current study aims to demonstrate independent associations between social, educational and health practice interventions as determinants of exclusive breastfeeding in an urban Ecuadorian population. Design Prospective survival analyses. Setting Ecuadorian mother-child dyads in urban settings. Participants We followed-up 363 mother-baby dyads who attended healthcare centres in Portoviejo, province of Manabi, for a median time (P25-P75) of 125 days (121-130 days). Main outcome measures We performed a survival analysis, by setting the time-to-abandonment of exclusive breastfeeding measured in days of life, that is, duration of exclusive breastfeeding, periodically assessed by phone, as the primary outcome. Crude and adjusted mixed-effects Cox proportional hazards model were performed to estimate HRs for each explanatory variable. Results The incidence rate of abandonment of breastfeeding was 8.9 per 1000 person-days in the whole sample. Multivariate analysis indicated the three most significant protective determinants of exclusive breastfeeding were (a) sessions of prenatal breastfeeding education with an HR of 0.7 (95% CI: 0.5 to 0.9) per each extra session, (b) self-perception of milk production, with an HR of 0.4 (95% CI: 0.3 to 0.6) per each increase in the perceived quantity of milk production and (c) receiving early skin-to-skin contact with an HR of 0.1 (95% CI: <0.1 to 0.3) compared with those not receiving such contact, immediately after birth. Conclusions Prenatal education on breastfeeding, self-perception of sufficient breast-milk production and early skin-to-skin contact appear to be strong protectors of exclusive breastfeeding among urban Ecuadorian mother-baby dyads.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículoe041625
PublicaciónBMJ Open
EstadoPublicada - 18 mar. 2021

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Publisher Copyright:
© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2021. Re-use permitted under CC BY-NC. No commercial re-use. See rights and permissions. Published by BMJ.

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