Analysis of inpatient data on dengue fever, malaria and leishmaniasis in Ecuador: A cross-sectional national study, 2015–2022

Jaime David Acosta-España, Ivan Dueñas-Espín, David Francisco Grijalva Narvaez, Jenny Belén Altamirano-Jara, Ana María Gómez-Jaramillo, Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales

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Background: Despite concerted efforts in South America, these diseases continue to pose a significant burden of morbidity and mortality in endemic regions. This study aimed to analyse hospital data and investigate the hospitalisation rates of dengue fever, leishmaniasis, and malaria in Ecuador between 2015 and 2022. Methods: Open-access databases from the National Institute of Statistics and Censuses of Ecuador between 2015 and 2022 were analysed. Data were filtered using specific terms for each disease (ICD-10), and descriptive statistics of geographical distributions were calculated using Microsoft Excel, Stata 14.2, and Rstudio. Results: Dengue had the highest burden, with 31,616 reported cases, followed by malaria (1,316) and leishmaniasis (283). From 2015 to 2022, the highest hospitalisation rate per 105 inhabitants for dengue was observed in Sucumbios province (697.2), for malaria in Pastaza province (108.4), and for leishmaniasis in Morona Santiago province (18.8). The data's trend analysis revealed a slight increase in dengue and mild downward trends in hospitalisation for malaria and leishmaniasis. Conclusions: The results suggest that vector-borne disease control has failed in Ecuador. Unfortunately, there was no significant trend towards a decrease in dengue, malaria, and leishmaniasis in Ecuador during the years studied. This study highlights the need to optimise sustainable vector control programs and emphasises continuous monitoring of disease incidence and control measures.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo101421
PublicaciónNew Microbes and New Infections
EstadoPublicada - 1 ago. 2024

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