Analysis of births, abortions and maternal mortality in adolescents in Ecuador from 2013 to 2016

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Introduction: Adolescent pregnancy is associated to school desertion, violence, termination of pregnancy under suboptimal conditions, obstetric complications and other consequences that can put the woman's quality of life at risk and of those that surround her. The purpose of this study is to describe the situation and tendencies of adolescent pregnancies, abortions and maternal deaths between 2013 and 2016 in Ecuador. Methods: This cross-sectional study uses secondary data from national Ecuadorian vital statistics reports of adolescents between 10 and 19 years old. The data sources used register all the births, deaths and hospital discharges in the country at both public and private health establishments. We performed a descriptive analysis of qualitative and quantitative variables. Results: Ecuador has approximately 1.5 million female adolescents that gave birth to 256,561 newborns between 2013 and 2016, resulting in an average annual birth rate in early adolescence of 13.9 live births per 1000 and in late adolescence of 86.6 per 1000 live births. The number of registered abortions among adolescents between 2013 and 2016 was of 19,214. The estimated annual abortion rate in late stage adolescents is 6.3 abortions per 1000 women between 15 and 19. The estimated abortion ratio for this same age group is 72.9 per 1000 live births. Of all the adolescents that gave birth, 84.9% self-identified as mestiza, while 71.9% of Ecuador's general population identifies as such. Only 7% of the general population in Ecuador self-identifies as indigenous, while 21.6% of pregnancies come from this population. Out of all adolescents that gave birth, 57.4% of those aged 17 and over; 43% of those between 14 and 16 and 96.7% of adolescents from 10 to 13, completed the level of education for their age. There were 81 maternal deaths among this group. The maternal mortality rate for late stage adolescents is of 7.72 per 100,000.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)7-10
Número de páginas4
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
EstadoPublicada - 4 jul. 2019

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research Centre (General Organization), Saudi Arabia


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