A NEW SPECIES OF SPINY MOUSE, GENUS NEACOMYS (CRICETIDAE: SIGMODONTINAE) FROM CORDILLERA DEL CÓNDOR, ECUADOR

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Resumen

We describe a new species within the sigmodontine rodent genus Neacomys that inhabits the Cordillera del Cóndor, southeastern Ecuador. The new Neacomys is easily distinguished from other species in the genus by the combination of the following characters: small size (_69 mm of head-body length), moderately long tail (_55.5% longer than head-body length), venter fur with golden color, very large postglenoid foramen, anterocone of upper _rst molar undivided, presence of paralophule and spur of enamel on the upper _rst molar, upper molars with small labial cusps, and lower molars with small lingual cusps. Phylogenetic analyses based on cytochrome b gene (Cyt b) sequences indicate that the new species is sister to the “tenuipes” and “dubosti” groups. Given distinctive morphological characters we propose the recognition of a new species group for this new species. This new Neacomys, endemic to the Cordillera del Cóndor, presents a genetic distance between 12% and 15% to other species.
Idioma originalEspañol (Ecuador)
PublicaciónREVISTA
EstadoPublicada - 14 feb. 2021
Publicado de forma externa

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