Systematics of treefrogs of the hypsiboas calcaratus and hypsiboas fasciatus species complex (Anura, Hylidae) with the description of four new species

Marcel A. Caminer, Santiago R. Ron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations

Abstract

We review the systematics of the Hypsiboas calcaratus species complex, a group of widely distributed Amazonian hylid frogs. A comprehensive analysis of genetic, morphological, and bioacoustic datasets uncovered the existence of eleven candidate species, six of which are confrmed. Two of them correspond to Hypsiboas fasciatus and Hypsiboas calcaratus and the remaining four are new species that we describe here. Hypsiboas fasciatus sensu stricto has a geographic range restricted to the eastern Andean foothills of southern Ecuador while Hypsiboas calcaratus sensu stricto has a wide distribution in the Amazon basin. Hypsiboas almendarizae sp. n. occurs at elevations between 500 and 1950 m in central and northern Ecuador; the other new species (H. maculateralis sp. n., H. alfaroi sp. n., and H. tetete sp. n.) occur at elevations below 500 m in Amazonian Ecuador and Peru. The new species differ from H. calcaratus and H. fasciatus in morphology, advertisement calls, and mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences. Five candidate species from the Guianan region, Peru, and Bolivia are left as unconfirmed. Examination of the type material of Hyla steinbachi, from Bolivia, shows that it is not conspecific with H. fasciatus and thus is removed from its synonymy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-68
Number of pages68
JournalZooKeys
Volume370
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Advertisement call
  • Conservation status
  • Cryptic diversity
  • Morphology
  • New species

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